This is the Origin of the Names of Tabanan and Singasana, which will be the name of the capital city

This is the Origin of the Names of Tabanan and Singasana, which will be the name of the capital city
This is the Origin of the Names of Tabanan and Singasana, which will be the name of the capital city

IDBALI – The Regional People’s Representative Council (DPRD) of Tabanan Regency approved the name of the capital city of Tabanan, to become Singasana.

Based on this, recommendations were issued after an internal meeting that was held a few days ago.

From the search, there is an inherent origin between Tabanan and Singasana itself.

From the data compiled by Tribun Bali, the cover letter for the approval of the Tabanan Regency Government to the Tabanan DPRD, which is 49 pages thick, explains the origins of Tabanan Regency.

The Origins of the Names of Tabanan and Singasana

Tabanan and Singasana are two names or terms, like two sides of a coin, which cannot be separated.

Tabanan and Singasana are discussed side by side and at the same time together as a unified whole.

Thus, Tabanan will indicate Singasana and vice versa Singasana always indicates Tabanan.

The name Tabanan is thought to have come from the word taban which means halls which are usually made of wood or bamboo.

In the active verb form, naban can mean flat, flat like halls.

It is possible that the word taban, which means flat or sloping, has developed its meaning into the word Tabanan, which originally meant a castle building built on land that had been leveled, leveled, leveled first.

In the document, this is in line with the incident when Arya Kenceng built a palace in Pucangan (now named Buahan), for one of the reasons, namely the slope of the area, in addition to reasons of fertility and the availability of sufficient water sources.

Arya Kenceng, who was the son of Arya Damar, was appointed Anglurah Tabanan in 1352 at the same time that Dalem Sri Kresna Kapakisan was enthroned as king of Bali, after Bali was successfully conquered by Majapahit.

If so, then the name Tabanan was found in the Middle Bali period (14th century).

The name Tabanan was also used in the title of king by Sri Magadanatha, the second son of Arya Notor Waringin, Raja Pucangan, with the title abhiseka Sirārya Ngurah Tabanan.

The word singhàsana means the throne, the king’s seat in a palanquin (pavilion, war chariot) (Zoetmulder and S.O Robson, 1995: 1097).

The word taban in Balinese which means halls has an equivalent meaning with the word singhāsana in Old Javanese.

As it is known that the Old Javanese language which in Bali is commonly known as the Kawi language, has primordial mystical powers in all kinds of rituals and religious practices of the Balinese people, including the people of Tabanan.

The use of Old Javanese/Kawi in a verbal ritual is to reinforce traditional meanings and ensure cultural cohesion.

Therefore, many Old Javanese/Kawi languages were absorbed into Balinese.

Along with that, the word singhàsana in Old Javanese was absorbed into Balinese to become the word singasana which also means throne (Bali-Indonesia Dictionary Compilation Team, 2017: 663).

Traditional reference sources that still exist today, among others

The Chronicle of Tabanan, Pamancangah Tabanan, Inscription of Tabanan, Chronicle of Arya Kenceng, Chronicle of Ratu Tabanan, Chronicle of Arya Tabanan explain that Sirārya Ngurah Tabanan received supernatural instructions to build a castle in a place marked by a puff of smoke coming from a sacred well.

The place is in the area where a spiritual priest named Ki Dukuh Sakti lives (pasraman).

However, the place is in a state of cliffs. Because of this, the place was leveled (in Balinese: katabanang) first so that it would be easy to build a castle.

After the place was sloping, flat, horizontal (in Balinese: naban), it was in that place that Siràrya Ngurah Tabanan built a palace which was named Puri Agung Tabanan, with the Royal Capital named Singasana.

For the services of building the castle, later Sirārya Ngurah Tabanan was nicknamed Bhatara Wangun Graha (Tabanan History Compilation Team, 2010:144).

Sirāya Ngurah Tabanan had a son from the first consort named Sirārya Ngurah Langwang. Sirārya Ngurah Tabanan handed over the throne of government at the Tabanan Grand Palace to Sirārya Ngurah Langwang.

After being crowned as the King of Puri Agung Tabanan, Siràrya Ngurah Langwang was titled King Singasana.

It is said that during the reign of King Singasana, the state of the Tabanan kingdom was very peaceful, peaceful, and the people lived in prosperity.

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